EASTERN EUROPEAN CIVILIZATION   
                              Study Guides             Eastern European History           Eastern European Literature            Eastern European Cinema        


                                                                                                                               STUDY GUIDES

                                                                             Eastern European History         Eastern European Literature             Eastern European Culture                          

                                                                                                                                                     EASTERN EUROPEAN HISTORY

HISTORY                    (Ancient-Postclassical-E Modern-19th-20th)       POL(Government-Military)      SOC(Class-Gender)       ECO(Innovation-Trade)     CUL(Rel-Phi-Sci-Art-Lit)
CULTURE                   (Ancient-Postclassical-E Modern-19th-20th )      VERBAL(Lit-Lng-Script-Myth-Folklore)    VISUAL(Pnt-Sclp-Arch)       PERFORMING(Dnc-Mus-Thea-Cin)       
LITERATURE                                (Postclassical-E Modern-19th-20th)       GENRES (Poetry - Drama - Fiction - Autobiography -Essay )
CIVILIZATION          Ancient (His-Cul)                Postclassical(His-Cul-Lit)                Early Modern(His-Cul-Lit)                 19th Century(His-Cul-Lit)                20th Century(His-Cul-Lit)

                                                                                                            EASTERN EUROPEAN LITERATURE

CZECH REPUBLIC
Capek, Karel(1890-1938)                R.U.R(1920)
Hasek, Jaroslav(1883-1923)          GOOD SOLDIER ŠVEJK, THE(1921-1923)
Kundera, Milan(1929- )                      BOOK OF LAUGHTER AND FORGETTING, THE(1979)- UNBEARABLE LIGHTNESS OF BEING, THE(1984)
Havel, Václav(1936-2011)                LARGO DESOLATO(1985)
 
HUNGARY
Mikzath, Kalman(1847-1910)        ST. PETER’S UMBRELLA(1895)
Molnar, Ferenc(1878-1952)            LILIOM(1909)
Koestler, Arthur(1905-1983)         DARKNESS AT NOON(1940)
Kertesz, Imre(1929-2016)                FATELESS(1975)- KADDISH FOR A CHILD NOT BORN(1990)

POLAND
Sienkiewicz, Henryk(1846-1916)   QUO VADIS(1895-1896)
Conrad, Joseph(1857-1924)             ALMAYER’S FOLLY(1895)- NIGGER OF THE NARCISSUS, THE (1897)-HEART OF DARKNESS(1899)- LORD JIM(1900)-                                                                                                                          NOSTROMO(1904)- SECRET AGENT, THE(1907)- UNDER WESTERN EYES(1911)- VICTORY(1915)
Zeromski, Stefan(1864-1925)          ASHES(1904)
Reymont, Wtadyslaw(1867-1925)    PEASANTS, THE(1904-1909)
Asch, Sholem(1880-1957)                   APOSTLE, THE(1943)
Singer, Israel Joshua(1893-1944)    BROTHERS ASHKENAZI, THE(1936)
Singer, Isaac Bashevis(1902-1991) MAGICIAN OF LUBLIN, THE(1959)-ENEMIES(1966)
Gombrowicz, Witold(1904-1969)    FERDYDURKE(1937)
Milosz, Czeslaw(1911-2004)               BELLS IN WINTER(1978)
Lem, Stanislaw(1921-2006)                 SOLARIS(1961)
Szymborska, Wislawa(1923-2012)  VIEW WITH A GRAIN OF SAND(1986)
Herbert, Zbigniew(1924-1998)          MR. COGITO(1974)
Kosinski, Jerzy(1933-1991)                  PAINTED BIRD, THE(1965)- STEPS(1968)-BEING THERE(1971) 

ROMANIA
Ionesco, Eugene(1904-1994)              BALD SOPRANO, THE(1950)- CHAIRS, THE(1952)- RHINOCEROS(1959)
Wiesel, Elie(1928-2016)                        NIGHT(1956)

UKRAINE
Aleichem, Sholom(1859-1916)         TEVYE THE DAIRYMAN(1894)                                                                                         

                                                                                                         EASTERN EUROPEAN CINEMA

CZECH REPUBLIC
Machatý, Gustav(1901-1963)             ECSTASY(1933)
Steklý, Karel(1903-1987)                      STRIKE, THE(1947)
Ulmer, Edgar G.(1904-1972)                LIGHT AHEAD, THE(1939)- DETOUR(1945)
Klos, Elmar(1910-1993)                         SHOP ON MAIN STREET, THE(1965)
Radok, Alfred(1914-1976)                    DISTANT JOURNEY(1949)
Jasný, Vojtěch(1925-    )                          ALL MY GOOD COUNTRYMEN(1969)
Reisz, Karel(1926-2002)                        FRENCH LIEUTENANTE WOMAN, THE(1981)- SWEET DREAMS(1985)- EVERYBODY WINS(1990)
Brynych, Zbynek(1927-1995)            THE FIFTH HORSEMAN IS FEAR(1965)
Chytilovâ, Vera(1929-2014)                DAISIES(1966)
Forman, Miloš(1932-2018)                  LOVES OF A BLONDE(1965)- FIREMEN’S BALL, THE(1967)- RAGTIME(1981)
Passer, Ivan(1933-    )                                INTIMATE LIGHTING(1965)-CUTTER’S WAY(1981)- CREATOR(1985)- HAUNTED SUMMER(1988)
Svankmajer, Jan(1934-    )                      ALICE(1988)- CONSPIRATORS OF PLEASURE(1996)
Stoppard, Tom(1937-    )                         ROSENCRANTZ AND GUILDENSTERN ARE DEAD(1990)
Menzel, Jıří(1938-    )                                CLOSELY WATCHED TRAINS(1966)-CAPRICIOUS SUMMER(1968)- SHORTCUT(1981)- MY SWEET LITTLE VILLAGE(1985)-
                                                                               END OF OLD TIMES, THE(1989)- I SERVED THE KING OF ENGLAND(2006)
Trojan, Ondrej(1959-    )                         ZELARY(2003)
Sverak, Jan(1965-    )                                THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL(OBECNA SKOLA)(1991)- KOLYA(1996)- DARK BLUE WORLD(2001)
Hrebejk, Jan(1967-    )                             DIVIDED WE FALL(2000)

HUNGARY

Korda, Alexander(1893-1956)            MARIUS(1931)- PRIVATE LIFE OF HENRY VIII, THE(1933)- PRIVATE LIFE OF DON JUAN, THE(1934)- REMRANDT(1936)-
                                                                                THAT HAMILTON WOMAN(1941)- VACATION FROM MARRIAGE(1945)
Pascal, Gabriel(1894-1954)                  MAJOR BARBARA(1941)-CAESAR AND CLEOPATRA(1945)
Korda, Zoltan(1895-1961)                    FOUR FEATHERS(1939)- MACOMBER AFFAIR, THE(1947)- CRY THE BELOVED COUNTRY(1951)
Fejós, Pál(1897-1963)                              SPRING SHOWER(1932)- SONNENSTRAHL(1933)
Vidor, Charles(1900-1959)                   LADIES IN RETIREMENT(1941)- GILDA(1942)- LOVE ME OR LEAVE ME(1955)
Benedek,Laslo(1905-1992)                  DEATH OF A SALESMAN(1951)- WILD ONE, THE (1953)
Radvány, Géza(1907-1986)                  SOMEWHERE IN EUROPE(1948)
Pal, George(1908-1980)                         TIME MACHINE, THE(1960)- PUPPETOON MOVIE(1987)
Toth, Andre De(1913-2002)                 HOUSE OF WAX(1953)
Fábri, Zoltán(1917-1994)                      MERRY-GO-ROUND(1956)
Makk, Karoly(1925-2017)                     LILY IN LOVE(1984)- THE GAMBIER(1997)
Jancsó, Miklós(1921-2014)                  RED AND THE WHITE, THE(1961)- ROUND-UP, THE(1966)- RED PSALM(1972)- VICES AND PLEASURES(1976)
Kovács, András(1925-2017)                COLD DAYS(1966)
Huszárık, Zoltán(1931-1981)              SINDBAD(1971)
Mészáros, Márta(1931- )                        ADOPTION(1975)- NINE MONTHS(1976)
Gábor, Pál(1932-1987)                            ANGI VERA(1979)
Gaál, István(1933-2007)                        CURRENT(1964)- FALCONS, THE(1970)
Kósa, Ferenc(1937-2018)                     TEN THOUSAND SUNS(1967)
Medak, Peter(1937-    )                            RULING CLASS, THE(1972)- MEN’S CLUB, THE(1986)- KRAYS, THE(1990)- LET HIRN HAVE IT(1991)- ROMEO IS BLEEDING(1993)-                                                                                                      PONTIAC MOON(1994)- SPECIES II(1998)
Elek, Judit(1937- )                                      MEMOIRE OF A RIVER(1990)
Szabó, István(1938-    )                            25 FIREMAN’S STREET(1973)-BUDAPEST TALES(1976)-CONFIDENCE(1980)-MEPHISTO(1981)-COLONEL REDL(1985)-HANUSSEN(1988)-                                                                                MEETING VENUS(1991)- SWEET EMMA, DEAR BOBE: SKETCHES, NUDES (EDES EMMA, DRAGA BOBE: VAZLATOK, AKTOK)(1992)-                                                                                                SUNSHINE(1999)- TAKING SIDES(2001)- BEING JULIA(2004)
Magyar, Dezso(1938-   )                         NO SECRETS(1991)
Gemes, Jozsef(1939-2013)                 THE PRINCESS AND THE GOBLIN(1991)
Schiffer, Pal (1939-2001)                      MAGYAR STORIES(1988)
Godros,  Frigyes(1942-    )                     GLAMOUR(2000)
Koltai, Robert(1943-    )                          WE NEVER DIE(1993)
Hranitzky, Agnes(1945-    )                    THE TURIN HORSE(2011)
Koltai, Lajos(1946-     )                              EVENING(2007)
Gothár Péter(1947-    )                           TIME STANDS STILL(1982)
Gazdag, Gyula(1947-    )                         HUNGARIAN FAIRY TALE, A(1987)
Gardos,  Eva (1950-    )                            AN AMERICAN RHAPSODY(2001)
Csupo, Gabor(1952-    )                          BRIDGE TO TERABITHIA(2007)
Magyar, Balint(1952-    )                        MAGYAR STORIES(1988)
Mihalka, George(1953-    )                    OFFICE PARTY(1988)
Takacs, Tibor(1954-    )                            GATE, THE(1987)- I, MADMAN(1989)- GATE II(1990)
Enyedi, Ildiko(1955-    )                           MY TWENTIETH CENTURY(1989)- MAGIC HUNTER, BUVOS VADOSZ(1994)- SIMON THE MAGICIAN(1999)
Tarr, Bela(1955-    )                                    THE TURIN HORSE(2011)
Mundruczo, Kornel(1975-    )               WHITE GOD(2014)
Nemes, Laszlo(1977-    )                          SON OF SAUL(2015)
Gilday, Katherine(?-?)                               FAMINE WITHIN, THE(1990)
Kovacs, Steven(?-?)                                    ’68(1987)
Pal, Laszlo(?-?)                                               JOUMEY TO SPIRIT ISLAND(1988) 

POLAND

Boleslawski, Richard(1889-1937)    RASPUTIN AND THE EMPRESS(1932)- MISERABLES, LES(1935)- THEODORA GOES WILD(1936) 
Vertov, Dziga(1896-1954)                    KINO-EYE(1924)- MAN WITH A MOVIE CAMERA(1929)-ENTHUSIASM(1931)
Mate, Rudolph(1898-1964)                 D.O.A.(1949)
Green, Joseph (1900-1996)                 YIDDLE WITH HIS FIDDLE(1936)
Wasynski, Michael(1904-1965)        DYBBUK, THE(1937)
Jakubowska, Wanda(1907-1998)    LAST STAGE, THE(1948)
Kawalerowicz, Jerzy(1922-2007)    NIGHT TRAIN(1959)- MOTHER JOAN OF THE ANGELS(1961)
Lesiewıcz, Witold(1922-2017)          PASSENGER, THE(1963)
Borowczyk, Walerian(1923-2006) GOTO, L’ÎLE D’AMOUR (1968)- STORY OF SIN, THE(1975)- EMMANUELLE 5(1987)
Has, Wojciech J.(1925-2000)            TRIBULATIONS OF BALTHASAR KOBER,THE(1988)
Wajda, Andrzej(1926-2016)              GENERATION (1955)- KANAL (1957)-ASHES AND DIAMONDS(1958)- INNOCENT SORCERERS (1960)- EVERYTHING FOR SALE (1969)-                                                                                        LANDSCAPE AFTER BATTLE (1970)- BIRCH WOOD,  THE(1970)- MAN OF MARBLE(1977)- WITHOUT ANESTHESIA(1978)-
                                                                              MAN OF IRON(1981)-  DANTON(1983)- LOVE IN GERMANY, A(1983)- YEAR OF THE QUIET SUN, A(1984) – KORCZAK(1990)
Schirk, Heinz(1931-    )                            WANNSEE CONFERENCE,THE (1984)
Saraf, Irving(1932-2012)                       IN THE SHADOW OF THE STARS(1991)
Polanski, Roman(1933-    )                    KNIFE IN THE WATER(1962)-REPULSION(1965)-CUL-DE-SAC(1966)- ROSEMARY'S BABY(1968)-CHINATOWN(1974)- TESS(1979)-                                                                                                  PIRATES(1986)- FRANTIC(1988)- BITTER MOON(1992)- DEATH AND THE MAIDEN(1994)- THE NINTH GATE(1999)- THE PIANIST(2002)-                                                                                    OLIVER TWIST(2005)- THE GHOST WRITER(2010)- CARNAGE(2011)- VENUS IN              FUR(2013)
Zanussi, Krzysztof(1939-    )                STRUCTURE OF CRYSTALS(1969)-ILLUMINATION(1973)- CAMOUFLAGE(1976)- WAYS IN THE NIGHT(1979)- CONSTANT FACTOR (1980)- IMPERATIVE(1932)-                              WHEREVER YOU ARE(1988)- THE SILENT TOUCH(1992)
Skolimowski, Jerzy(1938-    )              IDENTIFICATION MARKS: NONE(1964)-BARRIER(1966)- MOONLIGHTING(1982)- LİGHTSHİP, THE(1985)- TORRENTS OF SPRING(1989)
Kieslowskı, Krzysztof(1941-1996)  THOU SHALT NOT KILL(1989)- THE DECALOGUE, PARTS 1 & 2(1989)- THE DECALOGUE, PARTS 3 & 4(1989)-
                                                                               THE DECALOGUE, PARTS 5 & 6 (1989)-THE DECALOGUE, PARTS 7 & 8(1989)-THE DECALOGUE: PARTS 9 & 10(1989)-
                                                                               DOUBLE LIFE OF VÉRONIQUE,THE(1991)- BLUE(1993)- RED(1994)- WHITE(1994)
Holland, Agnieszka(1948-    )               WASHINGTON SQUARE(1997)- IN DARKNESS(2011)
Bartkowiak, Andrzej(1950-    )            ROMEO MUST DIE(2000)- EXIT WOUNDS(2001)- CRADLE 2 THE GRAVE(2003)- DOOM(2005)-
                                                                               STREET FIGHTER: THE LEGEND OF CHUN-LI(2009)
Yansen, Louis(1950-    )                           MISPLACED(1989)
Pawlikowski, Pawel(1957-    )              LAST RESORT(2000)- MY SUMMER OF LOVE(2004)- IDA(2013)- COLD WAR(2018)
Kaminski, Janusz(1959-    )                   LOST SOULS(2000)
Wachowski, Larry(1965-    )                 BOUND(1996)- THE MATRIX(1999)- THE MATRIX RELOADED(2003)- THE MATRIX REVOLUTIONS(2003)-SPEED RACER(2008)-
                                                                              CLOUD ATLAS(2012)- JUPITER ASCENDING(2015)
Wachowski, Andy(1967-    )                 BOUND(1996)- THE MATRIX(1999)- THE MATRIX RELOADED(2003)- THE MATRIX REVOLUTIONS(2003)-SPEED RACER(2008)-
                                                                              CLOUD ATLAS(2012)- JUPITER ASCENDING(2015)
Adamik, Kasia(1972-    )                         BARK(2002)
Wojtowicz-Vosloo, Agnieszka(1975-    ) AFTER.LIFE(2009)
Boleslawski, Richard(1889-1937)  RASPUTIN AND THE EMPRESS(1932)- MISERABLES, LES(1935)- THEODORA GOES WILD(1936)
Vertov, Dziga(1896-1954)                   ENTHUSIASM(1931)
Mate, Rudolph(1898-1964)                D.O.A.(1949)
Green, Joseph (1900-1996)                YIDDLE WITH HIS FIDDLE(1936)
Wasynski, Michael(1904-1965)        DYBBUK, THE(1937)
Jakubowska, Wanda(1907-1998)    LAST STAGE, THE(1948)
Ford,Aleksander(1908-1980)            BORDER STREET(1948)- FIVE BOYS FROM BARSKA STREET(1954)
Kawalerowicz, Jerzy(1922-2007)   NIGHT TRAIN(1959)- MOTHER JOAN OF THE ANGELS(1961)
Lesiewıcz, Witold(1922-2017)          PASSENGER, THE(1963)
Borowczyk, Walerian(1923-2006) GOTO, L’ÎLE D’AMOUR (1968)- STORY OF SIN, THE(1975)
Wajda, Andrzej(1926-2016)               GENERATION (1955)- KANAL (1957)-ASHES AND DIAMONDS(1958)-INNOCENT SORCERERS(1960)-EVERYTHING FOR SALE (1969)-                                                                                          LANDSCAPE AFTER BATTLE (1970)-BIRCH WOOD, THE(1970)- MAN OF MARBLE(1977)-WITHOUT ANESTHESIA(1978)-
                                                                              MAN OF RON(1981)
Polanski, Roman(1933-    )                   KNIFE IN THE WATER(1962)-REPULSION(1965)-CUL-DE-SAC(1966)-ROSEMARY'S BABY(1968)-CHINATOWN(1974)
Zanussi, Krzysztof(1939-    )               STRUCTURE OF CRYSTALS(1969)-ILLUMINATION(1973)- CAMOUFLAGE(1976)- WAYS IN THE NIGHT(1979)-CONSTANT FACTOR,(1980)
Skolimowski, Jerzy(1938-    )              IDENTIFICATION MARKS: NONE(1964)-BARRIER(1966)

ROMANIA
Negulesco, Jean(1900-1993)            HUMORESQUE(1946)- JOHNNY BELINDA(1948)- TITANIC(1953)-DADDY  LONG LEGS(1955)                                                               
Ciulei, Liviu(1923-2011)                      FOREST OF THE HANGED, THE(1964)
Nicolaescu, Sergiu(1930-2013)       DACII(1967)
Nâstase, Doru(1933-1983)                VLAD THE IMPALER(1979)
Pita, Dan(1938-    )                                    STONE WEDDING(1973)
Veroiu, Mircea(1941-1997)               STONE WEDDING(1973)
Daneliuc, Mircea(1943-    )                  IACOB(1988)
Popescu, Petru(1944-    )                      DEATH OF AN ANGEL(1986)
Dornhelm,Robert(1947-    )                ECHO PARK(1986)- COLD FEET(1989) 
Puiu, Cristi(1967-    )                               THE DEATH OF MR. LAZARESCU(2005)
Mungiu, Cristian(1968-    )                  4 MONTHS, 3 WEEKS AND 2 DAYS(2007)- BEYOND THE HILLS(2012)- GRADUATION(2016)
Porumboiu, Corneliu(1975-    )         POLIÇE, ADJECTIVE(2009)      

UKRAINE

Dovzhenko, Alexander(1894-1956)      ARSENAL(1929)- EARTH(1930)-IVAN(1932)-AEROGRAD(1935)-SHCHORS(1939)
Donskoy, Mark(1901-1981)             AMONG PEOPLE(1938)- GORKY TRILOGY, THE(1940)- RAINBOW, THE(1944)
Litvak, Anatole(1902-1974)             MAYERLING(1936)- ALL THIS AND HAVEN TOO(1940)- BLUES IN THE NIGHT(1941)- SNAKE PIT,THE (1948)-
                                                                            SORRY, WRONG NUMBER (1948)- ANASTASIA(1956)     
Nowına-Przybylski, Jan(1902-1938)     YIDDLE WITH HIS FIDDLE(1936)
Ford,Aleksander(1908-1980)          BORDER STREET(1948)- FIVE BOYS FROM BARSKA STREET(1954)
Chukhrai, Grigori(1921-2001)        BALLAD OF A SOLDIER(1959)- CLEAR SKY(1961)
Pintilie, Lucian(1933-2018)              THE OAK(1992)
Illienko, Yuri(1936-2010)                   SWAN LAKE(1990)
Belikov, Mikhail(1940-2012)           RASPAD(1990)
Krishtofovich, Vyacheslav(1947-    )    ADAM’S RIB(1990)- A FRIEND OF THE DECEASED(1997)
Kovalyov, Igor(1963-    )                       THE RUGRATS MOVIE(1998)
Perelman, Vadim(1963-    )                 HOUSE OF SAND AND FOG(2003)- THE LIFE BEFORE HER EYES(2007)
Slaboshpitsky, Miroslav(1974-     ) THE TRIBE(2014) 

SLOVAKIA
Kadár, Ján(1918-1979)                        SHOP ON MAIN STREET, THE(1965)
Jireš, Jaromil(1935-2001)                  VALERIE AND THE WEEK OF WONDERS(1970)

SLOVENIA
Stiglic, France(1919-1993)                  NINTH CIRCLE, THE(1960)

11